It is absolutely essential to know your skin type to choose the best care for your needs. To do this, a simple skin diagnosis made by you (or better, a beautician) will help you orient yourself in the choice of your skincare products.
What determines our skin type?
Our skin type is determined by the quality of the skin’s hydrolipidic film which is naturally composed of sebum and sweat to ensure hydration and protection of the skin. This protection can be affected by several factors, namely, genetics, environment, hormonal changes, sun exposure, stress, etc. It is important to take these factors into account when diagnosing your skin since they can strongly influence it. Furthermore, be sure to take a break with your usual cosmetics for a while before making the diagnosis since some ingredients could actually be at the source of your skin problems.
Products suiting your needs
The purpose of using skin care is to help us achieve nirvana, which is the normal skin type. So we better be good at choosing them! Once your skin diagnosis is done, review the ingredients lists of the products that make up your beauty routine and feel free to leave out or give away those which are not doing you any good.
We have detailed for you below the characteristics of all skin types so that you can recognize yours as well as the recommended products for you and the ingredients that must be banned or tracked in the INCI lists.
It is the ideal skin type. It is neither too dry nor too oily since it regulates itself. It has little or no imperfection, the complexion is luminous and the pores are unapparent. It can experience periods of drought or excess sebum, but these little hassles are rare and quickly resolved.
How to pamper it?
It does not need much except a gentle cleansing in the evening and daily moisturizing in the morning. If you are using lotions and/or serums, choose light textures that are unlikely to unbalance the hydrolipidic film. Use water-based make-up removers and antioxidant-enriched tonics to help your skin fight the signs of aging.
To clean it: PESTLE & MORTAR – RENEW ILLUMINATING LIGHTWEIGHT GEL CLEANSER
To moisturize it: PESTLE & MORTAR – HYDRATE MOISTURISER
It is a hyper seborrheic skin, that is to say that it produces too much sebum. The excess of sebum gives rise to a bacterial ground which favors the appearance of pimples: the bacteria present in the hydrolipidic film will lodge in the dilated pores which become infected. It presents an irregular skin complexion with imperfections and black spots in large quantity. The pores are dilated, the skin is shiny and oily.
In general, oily skin is more common during adolescence because the change of hormones influences the production of sebum but this type of skin can continue in adulthood.
How to pamper it?
Fight against excess sebum by cleaning the skin well in the evening and use a lotion in the morning to rebalance the hydrolipidic film. Alcohol is often found in lotions to disinfect the skin, but it is not ideal in the long run since it is desiccant. Use a scrub 2 to 3 times a month to refine the skin texture and remove all dead cells. Finally, turn to purifying masks, such as green clay, which will help reduce blemishes. Do not forget to moisturize your skin with a light fluid cream to compensate for the aggressive “cleaner” effect of cleansers. Track products containing zinc that has antibacterial properties and avoid mineral oils that tend to clog pores (which appear in the INCI list under the following names: Paraffinum Liquidum, Paraffin, Petrolatum, Petrolatum jelly, Cera Microcrystalline, Ceresin, Ozokerite, Polyisobutilene).
Dry skins are sorely lacking lipids, the production of sebum being too low to ensure the formation of the hydrolipidic film. It is rough to the touch, the pores are tight or invisible, it is fine and suffers from a (strong) feeling of tightness. Fine lines of dehydration are visible around the eyes and mouth. It is a skin that has very little or no imperfections.
How to pamper it?
Hydration and nutrition are the key words to restore radiance and comfort to dry skin. Choose more or less rich formulas (almost butter) according to the degree of dryness of your skin with lipid replenishing agents to nourish it in depth (shea butter, sweet almond oil).
Avoid at all costs products containing sulphates (sodium lauryl sulphate, sodium laureth sulfate, ammonium lauryl sulphate) or perfumes that are known to dry the skin and turn to soft formulas without aggressive ingredients. Prefer natural ingredients like jojoba oil and hyaluronic acid which are excellent moisturizers.
This is the most common skin type. It is characterized by more or less oily skin on the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin) and normal or dry skin on the cheeks. It requires special attention as its needs vary depending on the area. It is not easy to find a product that combines all its requirements. You need products that mattifies the T zone and moisturize the cheeks.
How to pamper it?
In the morning, be sure to moisturize your cheeks and apply a mattifying treatment that will regulate the sebum on the T-zone. In the evening, cleanse with a mild product, emphasizing the oily areas, then apply a skincare treatment.